਀㰀栀琀洀氀㸀 ਀㰀栀攀愀搀㸀 Larry Winfield.com: Sundown Lounge - Maproom Archives: Shows 196 - 210਀㰀⼀栀攀愀搀㸀 ਀㰀䈀伀䐀夀 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀      ∀ 吀䔀堀吀㴀∀⌀      ∀ 䰀䤀一䬀㴀∀⌀      ∀ 嘀䰀䤀一䬀㴀∀⌀      ∀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀吀䄀䈀䰀䔀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀  ─∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀琀漀瀀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀㸀 ਀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀攀愀搀攀爀开戀⸀樀瀀最∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀吀刀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀  ─∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀挀攀渀琀攀爀 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀戀漀琀琀漀洀㸀 podcast਀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀氀愀爀爀礀眀椀渀昀椀攀氀搀⸀挀漀洀⼀戀愀渀樀漀猀琀爀椀渀最猀⸀栀琀洀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀渀愀瘀戀愀爀开戀㈀⸀樀瀀最∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀戀漀漀欀∀ 琀椀琀氀攀㴀∀戀漀漀欀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 maproom਀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀栀攀瀀愀琀椀漀⸀瀀漀搀漀洀愀琀椀挀⸀挀漀洀⼀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀渀愀瘀戀愀爀开戀㜀⸀樀瀀最∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀瀀愀琀椀漀∀ 琀椀琀氀攀㴀∀瀀愀琀椀漀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 tv room਀㰀⼀吀刀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀嘀攀爀搀愀渀愀Ⰰ 䄀爀椀愀氀Ⰰ 吀愀栀漀洀愀Ⰰ 一攀眀猀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䴀吀Ⰰ 䰀甀挀椀搀愀 匀愀渀猀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀欀氀椀渀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䈀漀漀欀Ⰰ 䔀爀愀猀 䴀攀搀椀甀洀 䤀吀䌀Ⰰ 猀愀渀猀ⴀ猀攀爀椀昀∀㸀
਀㰀䈀刀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀琀愀戀氀攀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㄀  ─ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀㄀∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀㔀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀㄀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀昀昀昀昀昀昀∀㸀 ਀㰀䘀伀一吀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀嘀攀爀搀愀渀愀Ⰰ 䄀爀椀愀氀Ⰰ 吀愀栀漀洀愀Ⰰ 一攀眀猀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䴀吀Ⰰ 䰀甀挀椀搀愀 匀愀渀猀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀欀氀椀渀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䈀漀漀欀Ⰰ 䔀爀愀猀 䴀攀搀椀甀洀 䤀吀䌀Ⰰ 猀愀渀猀ⴀ猀攀爀椀昀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀㐀㸀
਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 Map Room Archive: Shows 196 - 210਀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀
਀ ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㌀∀㸀 ਀㰀戀㸀䘀爀漀洀㰀戀爀㸀 Sundown Lounge No. 210਀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀
਀㰀䈀刀㸀
਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀㰀戀㸀䜀攀攀欀渀漀琀攀猀㨀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 Literary Death Match at Columbia College
਀吀栀攀 䘀甀琀甀爀攀 漀昀 䰀漀瘀攀㰀戀爀㸀  Horrorfind Weekend in Sept
਀䰀漀猀 䄀渀最攀氀攀猀 吀椀洀攀猀 䘀攀猀琀椀瘀愀氀 漀昀 䈀漀漀欀猀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ ਀


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਀ ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 From Chicagopoetry.com: Literary Death Match at Columbia College ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀㸀  ਀㰀琀攀砀琀 昀漀氀氀漀眀猀㸀  ਀伀渀 吀甀攀猀搀愀礀Ⰰ 䄀瀀爀椀氀 ㈀㜀Ⰰ ㈀ ㄀ Ⰰ 愀琀 㜀 倀䴀Ⰰ 䌀漀氀甀洀戀椀愀 䌀漀氀氀攀最攀 䌀栀椀挀愀最漀 眀椀氀氀 瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀 䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 䐀攀愀琀栀 䴀愀琀挀栀Ⰰ 愀渀 漀昀昀ⴀ琀栀攀ⴀ眀愀氀氀 氀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 攀砀琀爀愀瘀愀最愀渀稀愀 愀渀搀 挀漀洀瀀攀琀椀琀椀漀渀 挀漀ⴀ猀瀀漀渀猀漀爀攀搀 戀礀 伀瀀椀甀洀 䴀愀最愀稀椀渀攀⸀ 吀栀攀 攀瘀攀渀琀 眀椀氀氀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 愀琀 琀栀攀 䌀漀渀愀眀愀礀 䌀攀渀琀攀爀Ⰰ ㄀㄀ 㐀 匀⸀ 圀愀戀愀猀栀Ⰰ ㄀猀琀 䘀氀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 椀猀 昀爀攀攀 愀渀搀 漀瀀攀渀 琀漀 琀栀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀⸀ 䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 䐀攀愀琀栀 䴀愀琀挀栀 椀猀 搀攀猀挀爀椀戀攀搀 愀猀 愀 洀愀爀爀椀愀最攀 戀攀琀眀攀攀渀 䐀攀昀 倀漀攀琀爀礀 䨀愀洀 愀渀搀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 䤀搀漀氀⸀ 䘀漀甀爀 眀爀椀琀攀爀猀 眀椀氀氀 瀀攀爀昀漀爀洀 琀栀攀椀爀 眀漀爀欀 戀攀昀漀爀攀 愀 氀椀瘀攀 愀甀搀椀攀渀挀攀 愀渀搀 愀 瀀愀渀攀氀 漀昀 昀漀甀爀 樀甀搀最攀猀㨀 䰀椀渀搀猀愀礀 䠀甀渀琀攀爀Ⰰ 刀漀戀戀椀攀 儀⸀ 吀攀氀昀攀爀Ⰰ 䨀愀猀漀渀 䈀爀攀搀氀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 䌀栀爀椀猀 䈀漀眀攀爀⸀ 䄀昀琀攀爀 攀愀挀栀 瀀愀椀爀 漀昀 爀攀愀搀椀渀最猀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 樀甀搀最攀猀᐀映漀挀甀猀攀搀 漀渀 氀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 洀攀爀椀琀Ⰰ 瀀攀爀昀漀爀洀愀渀挀攀 愀渀搀 椀渀琀愀渀最椀戀氀攀猀᐀眠椀氀氀 琀愀欀攀 琀甀爀渀猀 猀瀀漀甀琀椀渀最 漀昀昀 愀戀漀甀琀 琀栀攀 眀爀椀琀椀渀最 愀渀搀 琀栀攀渀 琀栀攀礀 眀椀氀氀 猀攀氀攀挀琀 琀栀攀椀爀 昀愀瘀漀爀椀琀攀 琀漀 愀搀瘀愀渀挀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 昀椀渀愀氀猀⸀ 吀栀攀 琀眀漀 昀椀渀愀氀椀猀琀猀 琀栀攀渀 挀漀洀瀀攀琀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 䐀攀愀琀栀 䴀愀琀挀栀 昀椀渀愀氀攀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 琀爀愀搀攀猀 椀渀 琀栀攀 猀栀漀眀ᤀ猠 氀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 猀攀渀猀椀戀椀氀椀琀礀 昀漀爀 愀渀 愀戀猀甀爀搀 愀渀搀 挀漀洀椀挀愀氀 挀氀椀洀愀砀 琀漀 搀攀琀攀爀洀椀渀攀 眀栀漀 琀愀欀攀猀 栀漀洀攀 琀栀攀 䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 䐀攀愀琀栀 䴀愀琀挀栀 挀爀漀眀渀⸀

਀吀栀攀 攀瘀攀渀琀 眀椀氀氀 愀氀猀漀 昀攀愀琀甀爀攀 琀栀攀 栀椀最栀ⴀ攀渀攀爀最礀Ⰰ 挀漀洀攀搀椀挀 眀漀爀搀 瀀攀爀昀漀爀洀愀渀挀攀 最爀漀甀瀀Ⰰ 匀瀀攀愀欀 䔀愀猀礀 䔀渀猀攀洀戀氀攀Ⰰ 昀攀愀琀甀爀椀渀最 䐀愀渀 匀甀氀氀礀Ⰰ 䨀漀攀氀 䌀栀洀愀爀愀Ⰰ 䴀漀氀氀礀 䴀攀愀挀栀愀洀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 刀漀戀戀椀攀 儀⸀ 吀攀氀昀攀爀⸀ 䔀愀爀氀椀攀爀 椀渀 琀栀攀 搀愀礀Ⰰ 愀琀 ㈀ 倀䴀Ⰰ 吀漀搀搀 娀甀渀椀最愀Ⰰ 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 漀昀 伀瀀椀甀洀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 䄀爀琀猀 眀椀氀氀 栀漀猀琀 琀栀攀 圀漀爀欀猀栀漀瀀㨀 ∀䠀漀眀 琀漀 猀琀愀爀琀 愀 氀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀 愀渀搀 䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 䐀攀愀琀栀 䴀愀琀挀栀Ⰰ∀ 椀渀 琀栀攀 䘀椀氀洀 刀漀眀 䌀椀渀攀洀愀Ⰰ ㄀㄀ 㐀 匀⸀ 圀愀戀愀猀栀Ⰰ 㠀琀栀 䘀氀⸀ 吀栀椀猀 搀愀礀 漀昀 攀瘀攀渀琀猀 椀猀 瀀爀漀搀甀挀攀搀 戀礀 匀椀氀瘀攀爀 吀漀渀最甀攀Ⰰ 䌀漀氀甀洀戀椀愀 䌀漀氀氀攀最攀ᤀ猠 眀漀爀搀 戀愀猀攀搀 爀攀愀搀椀渀最 猀攀爀椀攀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 匀琀甀搀攀渀琀 倀爀漀最爀愀洀洀椀渀最 䈀漀愀爀搀⸀ 䄀氀氀 攀瘀攀渀琀猀 愀爀攀 昀爀攀攀⸀ ਀ ਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀  縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀  㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀
From Saul Williams: The Future of Love Teleseminar Series ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀  ਀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ In times of crisis like these, perhaps Love has never been more important than it is today. It's for this reason that I'm delighted and honored to share with you that I will be participating in an extraordinary teleseminar series on The Future of Love starting April 17th.

਀ During this 25-week series, we'll engage and explore the biggest topic relevant to all human beings on the planet– Love!

਀ Join me and over 20 of the world's leading visionaries, spiritual teachers, thinkers and leaders dedicated to unfolding a new spirituality--including Ken Wilber, Deepak Chopra, Jean Houston, Warren Farrell, Traleg Rinpoche, John Gray, Lama Surya Das, Sally Kempton, Marilyn Schlitz, Brother David Steindl-Rast, Gabriel Cousens, Cynthia Bourgeault, Tami Simon, Robert Kegan, Sofia Diaz, Saul Williams, Eddie Kowalczyk, Dr. Marc Gafni, Diane Musho Hamilton, and others for this unprecedented conversation.

਀ This is a complimentary event, our gift to you! There is no charge to participate. You can participate live, or listen to the recordings later at any time, from anywhere in the world.

਀ ਀吀漀最攀琀栀攀爀 眀攀✀氀氀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀 猀漀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 洀漀猀琀 椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀 焀甀攀猀琀椀漀渀猀 昀愀挀椀渀最 甀猀 琀漀搀愀礀Ⰰ 猀甀挀栀 愀猀㨀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 • What is Love?
਀∀†䠀漀眀 搀漀 眀攀 昀椀渀搀 椀琀Ⰰ 渀甀爀琀甀爀攀 愀渀搀 猀甀猀琀愀椀渀 椀琀㼀㰀戀爀㸀 • Does Love mean the same thing today that it did a thousand years ago when so many of the great religious traditions developed their views about Love?
਀∀†䠀漀眀 挀愀渀 眀攀 栀攀氀瀀 䰀漀瘀攀 攀瘀漀氀瘀攀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀 漀甀爀 漀眀渀 搀攀瘀攀氀漀瀀洀攀渀琀 愀渀搀 琀爀愀渀猀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀㼀㰀戀爀㸀 • What are the structural patterns in the evolution of Love?
਀∀†䠀漀眀 搀漀攀猀 漀甀爀 挀漀渀猀挀椀漀甀猀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀 挀栀愀渀最攀 琀栀攀 攀瘀漀氀甀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䰀漀瘀攀㼀㰀戀爀㸀 • What are the evolutionary Integral skills of Love and relationship that have the power to deepen our realization and to liberate our true and unique self?
਀∀†圀栀愀琀 渀攀眀 最椀昀琀猀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀氀搀 挀愀渀 攀洀攀爀最攀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀椀猀 攀瘀漀氀甀琀椀漀渀㼀㰀戀爀㸀

਀ Each week, you'll have the opportunity to listen in as well as interact with visionary leaders committed to helping evolve the future of love. ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀


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਀ ਀ ਀
Horrorfind Weekend #12 ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀  ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ We have a new expanded location just a few miles over the Maryland line in Gettysburg Pennsylvania. With two hotels, nice bar and restaurants and a real movie theater complex we have room to grow and that is exactly what we are doing.਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀栀漀爀爀漀爀昀椀渀搀眀攀攀欀攀渀搀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀攀氀攀戀爀椀琀椀攀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀㈀㄀ 开栀眀㈀⸀樀瀀最∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀

਀ ਀䌀攀氀攀戀爀椀琀椀攀猀Ⰰ 䈀爀甀挀攀 䌀愀洀瀀戀攀氀氀 愀渀搀 漀琀栀攀爀猀 瀀爀漀瘀椀搀攀 愀 最爀攀愀琀 猀琀愀爀琀 琀漀 眀栀愀琀 眀椀氀氀 戀攀 愀渀 䤀一䌀刀䔀䐀䤀䈀䰀䔀 氀椀猀琀 漀昀 挀攀氀攀戀爀椀琀礀 最甀攀猀琀猀⸀


਀ ਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ ਀䠀漀爀爀漀爀昀椀渀搀 圀攀攀欀攀渀搀 䘀椀氀洀 䘀攀猀琀椀瘀愀氀㨀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 愀搀搀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀 洀愀欀椀渀最 愀 瀀攀爀昀攀挀琀 瀀氀愀挀攀 昀漀爀 昀椀氀洀洀愀欀攀爀猀 琀漀 最攀琀 琀栀攀椀爀 昀椀氀洀 椀渀 昀爀漀渀琀 漀昀 洀愀渀礀 洀愀渀礀 栀漀爀爀漀爀 昀愀渀猀⸀ 圀攀 愀爀攀 瀀氀攀愀猀攀搀 琀漀 眀攀氀挀漀洀攀 䨀伀䔀 刀䤀倀倀䰀䔀 漀昀 吀椀洀攀眀愀爀瀀 䘀椀氀洀猀 愀猀 䘀椀氀洀 䘀攀猀琀椀瘀愀氀 䐀椀爀攀挀琀漀爀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀匀攀攀 琀栀攀 䘀椀氀洀 䘀攀猀琀椀瘀愀氀 倀愀最攀 昀漀爀 洀漀爀攀 椀渀昀漀 漀渀 猀甀戀洀椀琀琀椀渀最 礀漀甀爀 昀椀氀洀⸀ ਀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀  縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀  㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀  ਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀吀栀攀 䰀漀猀 䄀渀最攀氀攀猀 吀椀洀攀猀 䘀攀猀琀椀瘀愀氀 漀昀 䈀漀漀欀猀 戀攀最愀渀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㤀㘀 眀椀琀栀 愀 猀椀洀瀀氀攀 最漀愀氀㨀 琀漀 戀爀椀渀最 琀漀最攀琀栀攀爀 琀栀攀 瀀攀漀瀀氀攀 眀栀漀 挀爀攀愀琀攀 戀漀漀欀猀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀攀 瀀攀漀瀀氀攀 眀栀漀 氀漀瘀攀 琀漀 爀攀愀搀 琀栀攀洀⸀ 吀栀攀 昀攀猀琀椀瘀愀氀 眀愀猀 愀渀 椀洀洀攀搀椀愀琀攀 猀甀挀挀攀猀猀 愀渀搀 栀愀猀 戀攀挀漀洀攀 琀栀攀 氀愀爀最攀猀琀 愀渀搀 洀漀猀琀 瀀爀攀猀琀椀最椀漀甀猀 戀漀漀欀 昀攀猀琀椀瘀愀氀 椀渀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀Ⰰ 愀琀琀爀愀挀琀椀渀最 洀漀爀攀 琀栀愀渀 ㄀㌀ Ⰰ    戀漀漀欀 氀漀瘀攀爀猀 攀愀挀栀 礀攀愀爀⸀

਀匀愀琀甀爀搀愀礀 ☀ 匀甀渀搀愀礀Ⰰ 䄀瀀爀椀氀 ㈀㐀ⴀ㈀㔀Ⰰ ㈀ ㄀  愀琀 唀䌀䰀䄀 ਀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀  縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀  㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 Late Entry Plugger਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀  ਀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀  縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀縀  㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀㰀吀䄀䈀䰀䔀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀  ─∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀㸀 ਀㰀吀刀㸀 ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀嘀攀爀搀愀渀愀Ⰰ 䄀爀椀愀氀Ⰰ 吀愀栀漀洀愀Ⰰ 一攀眀猀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䴀吀Ⰰ 䰀甀挀椀搀愀 匀愀渀猀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀欀氀椀渀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䈀漀漀欀Ⰰ 䔀爀愀猀 䴀攀搀椀甀洀 䤀吀䌀Ⰰ 猀愀渀猀ⴀ猀攀爀椀昀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀 ਀
਀㰀戀㸀一攀眀 䔀爀愀 漀昀 䐀攀猀椀最渀攀爀 䈀愀戀椀攀猀 眀椀琀栀 吀栀爀攀攀 倀愀爀攀渀琀猀 愀渀搀 一漀 䠀攀爀攀搀椀琀愀爀礀 䐀椀猀攀愀猀攀猀㰀⼀戀㸀
਀㰀䈀刀㸀 ਀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀
਀㰀䈀刀㸀 ਀䐀漀稀攀渀猀 漀昀 栀甀洀愀渀 攀洀戀爀礀漀猀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀爀攀攀 瀀愀爀攀渀琀猀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀攀渀 挀爀攀愀琀攀搀 戀礀 䈀爀椀琀椀猀栀 猀挀椀攀渀琀椀猀琀猀Ⰰ 甀猀栀攀爀椀渀最 椀渀 愀渀 攀爀愀 漀昀 搀攀猀椀最渀攀爀 戀愀戀椀攀猀⸀  吀栀攀 攀洀戀爀礀漀猀 ጀ†眀栀椀挀栀 攀昀昀攀挀琀椀瘀攀氀礀 栀愀瘀攀 琀眀漀 洀漀琀栀攀爀猀 愀渀搀 漀渀攀 昀愀琀栀攀爀 ጀ†栀愀瘀攀 戀攀攀渀 最攀渀攀琀椀挀愀氀氀礀 攀渀最椀渀攀攀爀攀搀 琀漀 戀攀 昀爀攀攀 昀爀漀洀 椀渀挀甀爀愀戀氀攀 洀甀猀挀氀攀Ⰰ 戀爀愀椀渀Ⰰ 栀攀愀爀琀 愀渀搀 搀椀最攀猀琀椀瘀攀 椀氀氀渀攀猀猀攀猀Ⰰ 猀漀洀攀 漀昀 眀栀椀挀栀 欀椀氀氀 眀椀琀栀椀渀 栀漀甀爀猀 漀昀 戀攀椀渀最 戀漀爀渀⸀

਀吀栀攀 一攀眀挀愀猀琀氀攀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 爀攀猀攀愀爀挀栀攀爀猀 猀愀礀 琀栀愀琀 眀椀琀栀椀渀 琀栀爀攀攀 礀攀愀爀猀Ⰰ 椀琀 挀漀甀氀搀 愀氀氀漀眀 眀漀洀攀渀 眀栀漀猀攀 昀愀洀椀氀椀攀猀 愀爀攀 戀氀椀最栀琀攀搀 戀礀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀 琀栀攀 挀栀愀渀挀攀 漀昀 戀爀椀渀最椀渀最 愀 栀攀愀氀琀栀礀 挀栀椀氀搀 椀渀琀漀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀氀搀⸀

਀䈀甀琀 挀爀椀琀椀挀猀 猀愀礀 琀栀攀 戀爀攀愀欀琀栀爀漀甀最栀 椀猀 愀 猀琀攀瀀 琀漀眀愀爀搀猀 栀甀洀愀渀 挀氀漀渀椀渀最 愀渀搀 攀爀漀搀攀猀 琀栀攀 猀愀渀挀琀椀琀礀 漀昀 栀甀洀愀渀 氀椀昀攀⸀

਀吀栀攀 爀攀猀攀愀爀挀栀 挀攀渀琀爀攀猀 漀渀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀愀 ጀ†瀀漀眀攀爀栀漀甀猀攀猀 椀渀猀椀搀攀 挀攀氀氀猀 眀栀椀挀栀 琀甀爀渀 昀漀漀搀 椀渀琀漀 攀渀攀爀最礀 琀漀 戀攀 甀猀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 戀爀愀椀渀 愀渀搀 戀漀搀礀⸀ 

਀䔀愀挀栀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀漀渀 栀愀猀 椀琀猀 漀眀渀 䐀一䄀 愀渀搀 椀猀 瀀愀猀猀攀搀 搀漀眀渀 昀爀漀洀 洀漀琀栀攀爀 琀漀 挀栀椀氀搀⸀

਀匀攀爀椀漀甀猀 搀攀昀攀挀琀猀 椀渀 琀栀椀猀 䐀一䄀 愀昀昀攀挀琀 漀渀攀 椀渀 㘀Ⰰ㔀   戀愀戀椀攀猀 愀渀搀 挀愀甀猀攀 愀爀漀甀渀搀 㔀  最攀渀攀琀椀挀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀猀Ⰰ 猀漀洀攀 漀昀 眀栀椀挀栀 欀椀氀氀 椀渀 椀渀昀愀渀挀礀⸀

਀圀椀琀栀 渀漀 挀甀爀攀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 挀漀渀搀椀琀椀漀渀猀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀渀挀氀甀搀攀 猀漀洀攀 昀漀爀洀猀 漀昀 搀椀愀戀攀琀攀猀Ⰰ 戀氀椀渀搀渀攀猀猀 愀渀搀 栀攀愀爀琀 瀀爀漀戀氀攀洀猀Ⰰ 眀漀洀攀渀 挀愀爀爀礀椀渀最 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀搀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀愀 漀昀琀攀渀 昀愀挀攀 琀栀攀 栀攀愀爀琀戀爀攀愀欀椀渀最 挀栀漀椀挀攀 漀昀 眀栀攀琀栀攀爀 椀琀 眀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 欀椀渀搀攀爀 琀漀 爀攀洀愀椀渀 挀栀椀氀搀氀攀猀猀⸀

਀吀栀攀 猀挀椀攀渀琀椀猀琀猀 栀愀瘀攀 昀漀甀渀搀 愀 眀愀礀 漀昀 猀眀愀瀀瀀椀渀最 琀栀攀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀搀 䐀一䄀 眀椀琀栀 栀攀愀氀琀栀礀 最攀渀攀琀椀挀 洀愀琀攀爀椀愀氀Ⰰ 挀爀攀愀琀椀渀最 攀洀戀爀礀漀猀 昀爀攀攀 漀昀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀愀氀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀⸀

਀吀栀攀 ᠀琠爀愀渀猀瀀氀愀渀琀ᤀ†琀攀挀栀渀椀焀甀攀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 搀攀猀挀爀椀戀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 樀漀甀爀渀愀氀 一愀琀甀爀攀Ⰰ 椀渀瘀漀氀瘀攀猀 甀猀椀渀最 䤀嘀䘀 琀攀挀栀渀椀焀甀攀猀 琀漀 昀攀爀琀椀氀椀猀攀 愀渀 攀最最 昀爀漀洀 愀 栀攀愀氀琀栀礀 搀漀渀漀爀⸀

਀圀栀攀渀 琀栀攀 爀攀猀甀氀琀椀渀最 攀洀戀爀礀漀 椀猀 樀甀猀琀 愀 昀攀眀 栀漀甀爀猀 漀氀搀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 渀甀挀氀攀愀爀 䐀一䄀Ⰰ 漀爀 最攀渀攀猀Ⰰ 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 猀瀀攀爀洀 愀渀搀 攀最最 愀爀攀 爀攀洀漀瘀攀搀Ⰰ 氀攀愀瘀椀渀最 琀栀攀 栀攀愀氀琀栀礀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀愀 戀攀栀椀渀搀⸀

਀吀栀攀 眀漀甀氀搀ⴀ戀攀 洀漀琀栀攀爀ᤀ猠 攀最最 椀猀 琀栀攀渀 昀攀爀琀椀氀椀猀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 栀攀爀 瀀愀爀琀渀攀爀ᤀ猠 猀瀀攀爀洀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 渀甀挀氀攀愀爀 䐀一䄀 爀攀洀漀瘀攀搀 愀渀搀 瀀甀琀 椀渀琀漀 琀栀攀 搀漀渀漀爀 攀最最⸀

਀吀栀椀猀 挀爀攀愀琀攀猀 愀渀 攀最最 眀栀攀爀攀 琀栀攀 最攀渀攀琀椀挀 洀愀琀攀爀椀愀氀 挀漀洀攀猀 漀瘀攀爀眀栀攀氀洀椀渀最氀礀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 瀀爀漀猀瀀攀挀琀椀瘀攀 瀀愀爀攀渀琀猀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀愀 愀爀攀 栀攀愀氀琀栀礀⸀

਀䤀昀 琀栀攀 洀攀琀栀漀搀 椀猀 猀甀挀挀攀猀猀昀甀氀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 攀爀愀搀椀挀愀琀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 昀甀琀甀爀攀 最攀渀攀爀愀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 昀愀洀椀氀礀⸀

਀倀爀漀昀攀猀猀漀爀 䄀氀椀猀漀渀 䴀甀爀搀漀挀栀Ⰰ 栀攀愀搀 漀昀 琀栀攀 一攀眀挀愀猀琀氀攀 䘀攀爀琀椀氀椀琀礀 䌀攀渀琀爀攀Ⰰ 眀栀漀猀攀 瀀愀琀椀攀渀琀猀 搀漀渀愀琀攀搀 攀最最猀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 猀琀甀搀礀Ⰰ 猀愀椀搀㨀 ᠀䤠琀 眀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 栀礀瀀攀 琀漀 猀愀礀 眀攀 愀爀攀 最漀椀渀最 琀漀 最攀琀 爀椀搀 漀昀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀愀氀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀 戀甀琀 䤀 琀栀椀渀欀 椀琀ᤀ猠 爀攀愀氀椀猀琀椀挀 琀漀 猀愀礀 礀漀甀 挀漀甀氀搀 最攀琀 爀椀搀 漀昀 椀琀 椀渀 愀渀 椀渀搀椀瘀椀搀甀愀氀 昀愀洀椀氀礀⸀ᤀ

਀䔀椀最栀琀礀 攀洀戀爀礀漀猀 眀攀爀攀 挀爀攀愀琀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 一攀眀挀愀猀琀氀攀 氀愀戀猀Ⰰ 攀愀挀栀 攀昀昀攀挀琀椀瘀攀氀礀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀爀攀攀 瀀愀爀攀渀琀猀 ጀ†琀眀漀 洀漀琀栀攀爀猀 愀渀搀 愀 昀愀琀栀攀爀⸀

਀䄀 昀漀甀爀琀栀 瀀愀爀攀渀琀 ጀ†琀栀攀 洀愀渀 眀栀漀猀攀 猀瀀攀爀洀 眀愀猀 甀猀攀搀 琀漀 昀攀爀琀椀氀椀猀攀 琀栀攀 搀漀渀漀爀 攀最最 ጀ†眀愀猀 椀渀瘀漀氀瘀攀搀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 渀漀渀攀 漀昀 栀椀猀 䐀一䄀 眀愀猀 瀀愀猀猀攀搀 漀渀⸀

਀匀漀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 攀洀戀爀礀漀猀 氀椀瘀攀搀 昀漀爀 猀椀砀 搀愀礀猀Ⰰ 戀攀昀漀爀攀 琀栀攀礀 眀攀爀攀 搀攀猀琀爀漀礀攀搀 琀漀 挀漀洀瀀氀礀 眀椀琀栀 昀攀爀琀椀氀椀琀礀 氀愀眀猀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 愀氀猀漀 昀漀爀戀椀搀 猀甀挀栀 攀洀戀爀礀漀猀 昀爀漀洀 戀攀椀渀最 椀洀瀀氀愀渀琀攀搀 椀渀 愀 眀漀洀愀渀⸀

਀䈀甀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 昀攀爀琀椀氀椀琀礀 氀愀眀猀 眀栀椀挀栀 挀愀洀攀 椀渀琀漀 攀昀昀攀挀琀 氀愀猀琀 礀攀愀爀 氀攀愀瘀攀 琀栀攀 搀漀漀爀 漀瀀攀渀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 氀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 戀攀 愀洀攀渀搀攀搀 焀甀椀挀欀氀礀⸀

਀䰀攀愀搀 爀攀猀攀愀爀挀栀攀爀 倀爀漀昀攀猀猀漀爀 䐀漀甀最 吀甀爀渀戀甀氀氀 猀愀椀搀 椀昀 琀栀椀猀 栀愀瀀瀀攀渀攀搀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 戀愀戀椀攀猀 挀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 戀漀爀渀 椀渀 愀猀 氀椀琀琀氀攀 愀猀 琀栀爀攀攀 礀攀愀爀猀⸀

਀䠀攀 猀愀椀搀㨀 ᠀吠栀椀猀 椀猀 愀 瘀攀爀礀 攀砀挀椀琀椀渀最 搀攀瘀攀氀漀瀀洀攀渀琀 眀椀琀栀 椀洀洀攀渀猀攀 瀀漀琀攀渀琀椀愀氀 琀漀 栀攀氀瀀 昀愀洀椀氀椀攀猀 愀琀 爀椀猀欀 昀爀漀洀 洀椀琀漀挀栀漀渀搀爀椀愀氀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀猀⸀ᤀ

਀䈀甀琀 䨀漀猀攀瀀栀椀渀攀 儀甀椀渀琀愀瘀愀氀氀攀Ⰰ 漀昀 挀愀洀瀀愀椀最渀 最爀漀甀瀀 䌀漀洀洀攀渀琀 漀渀 刀攀瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀椀瘀攀 䔀琀栀椀挀猀Ⰰ 猀愀椀搀 琀栀攀 琀攀挀栀渀椀焀甀攀 眀愀猀 愀 猀琀攀瀀 琀漀眀愀爀搀猀 栀甀洀愀渀 挀氀漀渀椀渀最⸀

਀匀栀攀 愀搀搀攀搀㨀 ᠀圠攀 欀渀漀眀 瘀攀爀礀 氀椀琀琀氀攀 愀戀漀甀琀 琀栀攀 戀攀最椀渀渀椀渀最 漀昀 氀椀昀攀 愀渀搀 椀琀 椀猀 攀砀琀爀愀漀爀搀椀渀愀爀礀 栀漀眀 眀椀氀氀椀渀最 眀攀 愀爀攀 琀漀 戀爀攀愀欀 搀漀眀渀 漀渀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 洀漀猀琀 漀戀瘀椀漀甀猀 戀愀爀爀椀攀爀猀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 琀栀愀琀 椀琀 琀愀欀攀猀 愀 猀瀀攀爀洀 愀渀搀 愀渀 攀最最 琀漀 挀爀攀愀琀攀 愀渀 攀洀戀爀礀漀⸀ 圀攀 栀愀瘀攀 最漀琀 琀漀 昀椀渀搀 戀攀琀琀攀爀 眀愀礀猀 琀漀 挀甀爀攀 琀栀攀猀攀 搀椀猀攀愀猀攀猀⸀ᤀ ਀㰀䈀刀㸀
਀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀嘀攀爀搀愀渀愀Ⰰ 䄀爀椀愀氀Ⰰ 吀愀栀漀洀愀Ⰰ 一攀眀猀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䴀吀Ⰰ 䰀甀挀椀搀愀 匀愀渀猀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀欀氀椀渀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䈀漀漀欀Ⰰ 䔀爀愀猀 䴀攀搀椀甀洀 䤀吀䌀Ⰰ 猀愀渀猀ⴀ猀攀爀椀昀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀  Student in Kenya Invents Solar Powered Forest Fire Detector਀㰀䈀刀㸀
਀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀瀀愀挀琀氀愀戀⸀挀漀洀⼀㈀ ㄀ ⼀ 㐀⼀㄀㘀⼀猀琀甀搀攀渀琀ⴀ椀渀ⴀ欀攀渀礀愀ⴀ椀渀瘀攀渀琀猀ⴀ猀漀氀愀爀ⴀ瀀漀眀攀爀攀搀ⴀ昀漀爀攀猀琀ⴀ昀椀爀攀ⴀ搀攀琀攀挀琀漀爀⼀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀㈀㄀ 开昀椀爀攀⸀樀瀀最∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀 㸀㰀⼀愀㸀
਀㰀䈀刀㸀
਀䔀昀昀漀爀琀猀 琀漀 挀甀爀戀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 氀漀猀猀 愀爀漀甀渀搀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀氀搀 愀猀 愀 洀攀愀渀猀 漀昀 挀甀琀琀椀渀最 挀愀爀戀漀渀 攀洀椀猀猀椀漀渀猀 樀甀猀琀 最漀琀 愀 戀漀漀猀琀㨀 䄀 䬀攀渀礀愀渀 猀琀甀搀攀渀琀 栀愀猀 椀渀瘀攀渀琀攀搀 愀 搀攀瘀椀挀攀 琀漀 愀甀琀漀洀愀琀椀挀愀氀氀礀 搀攀琀攀挀琀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 昀椀爀攀 漀甀琀戀爀攀愀欀猀⸀

਀吀栀攀 琀攀挀栀渀漀氀漀最礀Ⰰ 瀀爀漀搀甀挀攀搀 戀礀 倀愀猀挀愀氀 䬀愀琀愀渀愀Ⰰ 愀 ㈀㐀ⴀ礀攀愀爀ⴀ漀氀搀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 漀昀 一愀椀爀漀戀椀 攀渀最椀渀攀攀爀椀渀最 猀琀甀搀攀渀琀Ⰰ 甀猀攀猀 栀攀愀琀 猀攀渀猀漀爀猀 琀漀 搀攀琀攀挀琀 愀 昀椀爀攀Ⰰ 琀栀攀渀 愀甀琀漀洀愀琀椀挀愀氀氀礀 爀攀氀愀礀猀 琀栀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 愀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 猀琀愀琀椀漀渀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀 洀漀戀椀氀攀 瀀栀漀渀攀 琀攀挀栀渀漀氀漀最礀⸀

਀ᰀ吠栀攀 栀攀愀琀 猀攀渀猀漀爀猀 愀爀攀 瀀爀漀最爀愀洀洀攀搀 琀漀 搀攀琀攀挀琀 琀攀洀瀀攀爀愀琀甀爀攀猀 眀栀椀挀栀 愀爀攀 漀瘀攀爀 㐀㔀 搀攀最爀攀攀猀 䌀攀氀猀椀甀猀Ⰰᴀ†猀愀椀搀 琀栀攀 猀漀昀琀ⴀ猀瀀漀欀攀渀 椀渀瘀攀渀琀漀爀⸀ ᰀ吠攀洀瀀攀爀愀琀甀爀攀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 猀甀渀 搀漀攀猀 渀漀琀 最漀 戀攀礀漀渀搀 琀栀椀猀 氀攀瘀攀氀 椀渀 琀攀爀洀猀 漀昀 栀攀愀琀椀渀最 愀渀搀 琀栀愀琀 椀猀 眀栀礀 椀琀 眀椀氀氀 戀攀 攀愀猀礀 琀漀 琀攀氀氀 琀栀愀琀 愀 昀椀爀攀 挀漀甀氀搀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀攀渀 椀最渀椀琀攀搀⸀ᴀ

਀ ਀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀吀䐀㸀 ਀㰀吀䐀 瘀䄀氀椀最渀㴀琀漀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀氀攀昀琀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㐀㔀─∀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀䤀渀 愀 搀攀洀漀渀猀琀爀愀琀椀漀渀 愀琀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 漀昀 一愀椀爀漀戀椀Ⰰ 䬀愀琀愀渀愀 愀氀琀攀爀攀搀 猀攀渀猀漀爀 氀攀瘀攀氀猀 琀漀 搀攀琀攀挀琀 戀漀搀礀 琀攀洀瀀攀爀愀琀攀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀渀 琀漀甀挀栀攀搀 琀栀攀 猀攀渀猀漀爀 眀椀琀栀 栀椀猀 昀椀渀最攀爀⸀ 吀栀愀琀 椀洀洀攀搀椀愀琀攀氀礀 琀爀椀最最攀爀攀搀 愀 挀愀氀氀 琀漀 栀椀猀 洀漀戀椀氀攀 瀀栀漀渀攀⸀

਀ᰀ吠栀椀猀 椀猀 栀漀眀 琀栀攀 猀礀猀琀攀洀 椀猀 攀砀瀀攀挀琀攀搀 琀漀 眀漀爀欀Ⰰᴀ†栀攀 猀愀椀搀⸀ ᰀ传渀挀攀 琀栀攀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 猀琀愀琀椀漀渀 爀攀挀攀椀瘀攀猀 琀栀攀 愀氀攀爀琀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 爀愀渀最攀爀猀 挀愀渀 琀栀攀渀 洀愀爀猀栀愀氀 爀攀椀渀昀漀爀挀攀洀攀渀琀猀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 渀攀愀爀戀礀 昀椀爀攀 猀琀愀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 瀀甀琀 漀甀琀 琀栀攀 昀椀爀攀⸀ᴀ

਀䐀䔀嘀䤀䌀䔀 圀伀刀䬀匀 伀一 匀伀䰀䄀刀 倀伀圀䔀刀

਀吀栀攀 猀礀猀琀攀洀 椀猀 猀甀椀琀愀戀氀攀 椀渀 愀爀攀愀猀 眀栀攀爀攀 琀栀攀爀攀 椀猀 渀漀 攀氀攀挀琀爀椀挀椀琀礀 猀甀瀀瀀氀礀 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 椀琀 挀愀渀 戀攀 瀀漀眀攀爀攀搀 戀礀 愀 猀椀洀瀀氀攀 猀漀氀愀爀 瀀愀渀攀氀 琀栀愀琀 最攀渀攀爀愀琀攀猀 昀椀瘀攀 瘀漀氀琀猀 漀昀 攀渀攀爀最礀Ⰰ 栀攀 猀愀椀搀⸀

਀ᰀ䤠琀 椀猀 愀 猀椀洀瀀氀攀 琀攀挀栀渀漀氀漀最礀 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 漀渀攀 搀漀攀猀 渀漀琀 栀愀瘀攀 琀漀 戀攀 氀椀琀攀爀愀琀攀 琀漀 漀瀀攀爀愀琀攀 椀琀Ⰰᴀ†琀栀攀 攀氀攀挀琀爀椀挀愀氀 愀渀搀 攀氀攀挀琀爀漀渀椀挀猀 攀渀最椀渀攀攀爀椀渀最 猀琀甀搀攀渀琀 猀愀椀搀Ⰰ 挀愀氀氀椀渀最 椀琀 愀 ᰀ瀠氀甀最 愀渀搀 瀀氀愀礀ᴀ†搀攀瘀椀挀攀⸀

਀吀栀攀 搀攀瘀椀挀攀 猀琀椀氀氀 栀愀猀 琀漀 最漀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀 愀 瘀攀琀琀椀渀最 愀渀搀 琀爀椀愀氀 瀀爀漀挀攀猀猀 戀攀昀漀爀攀 椀琀 挀愀渀 戀攀 最爀愀渀琀攀搀 瀀愀琀攀渀琀 瀀爀漀琀攀挀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 愀挀挀漀爀搀椀渀最 琀漀 䠀甀猀猀攀椀渀 匀愀椀搀 漀昀 䬀攀渀礀愀ᤀ猠 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 昀漀爀 匀挀椀攀渀挀攀 愀渀搀 吀攀挀栀渀漀氀漀最礀⸀ 䈀甀琀 椀琀 洀愀礀 漀昀昀攀爀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀挀愀渀琀 戀攀渀攀昀椀琀猀 椀渀 䬀攀渀礀愀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 猀甀昀昀攀爀攀搀 眀椀搀攀猀瀀爀攀愀搀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 昀椀爀攀猀 氀愀猀琀 礀攀愀爀 愀猀 愀 爀攀猀甀氀琀 漀昀 瀀爀漀氀漀渀最攀搀 搀爀漀甀最栀琀⸀

਀ᰀ㈠  㤀 眀愀猀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀猀琀 瀀攀爀椀漀搀 昀漀爀 甀猀 椀渀 琀攀爀洀猀 漀昀 昀椀爀攀 漀甀琀戀爀攀愀欀猀 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 椀琀 眀愀猀 瀀爀攀挀攀搀攀搀 戀礀 愀 瀀爀漀氀漀渀最攀搀 搀爀漀甀最栀琀Ⰰᴀ†猀愀椀搀 匀愀洀甀攀氀 吀漀欀漀氀攀Ⰰ 愀渀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䬀攀渀礀愀 圀椀氀搀氀椀昀攀 匀攀爀瘀椀挀攀Ⰰ 愀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 愀最攀渀挀礀 琀栀愀琀 瀀爀漀琀攀挀琀猀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀猀攀爀瘀攀猀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀ᤀ猠 戀椀漀搀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 猀琀爀甀最最氀攀搀 琀漀 昀椀渀搀 攀渀漀甀最栀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀 琀漀 挀漀瀀攀 眀椀琀栀 氀愀猀琀 礀攀愀爀ᤀ猠 昀椀爀攀猀⸀

਀ᰀ圠栀愀琀 椀猀 洀漀猀琀 昀爀甀猀琀爀愀琀椀渀最 椀猀 琀栀愀琀 䤀 挀愀渀ᤀ琠 爀攀愀氀氀礀 猀愀礀 眀攀 栀愀瘀攀 眀栀愀琀 眀攀 渀攀攀搀 椀渀 琀攀爀洀猀 漀昀 琀攀挀栀渀漀氀漀最礀 愀渀搀 攀焀甀椀瀀洀攀渀琀 琀漀 昀椀最栀琀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 昀椀爀攀猀Ⰰᴀ†栀攀 猀愀椀搀⸀

਀䘀椀爀攀猀 椀渀 䬀攀渀礀愀 氀愀猀琀 礀攀愀爀 搀攀猀琀爀漀礀攀搀 ㄀㄀Ⰰ㌀㜀  栀攀挀琀愀爀攀猀 漀昀 戀甀猀栀 愀渀搀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 氀愀渀搀⸀ 吀栀椀爀琀礀ⴀ昀椀瘀攀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 琀栀攀 愀氀爀攀愀搀礀 栀攀愀瘀椀氀礀 搀攀昀漀爀攀猀琀攀搀 䴀愀甀 䘀漀爀攀猀琀 䌀漀洀瀀氀攀砀 眀愀猀 氀漀猀琀 琀漀 昀椀爀攀Ⰰ 愀挀挀漀爀搀椀渀最 琀漀 一漀漀爀 䠀愀猀猀愀渀 一漀漀爀Ⰰ 愀渀 愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀漀爀 椀渀 䬀攀渀礀愀ᤀ猠 刀椀昀琀 嘀愀氀氀攀礀 瀀爀漀瘀椀渀挀攀⸀

਀一漀漀爀 挀愀氀氀攀搀 琀栀攀 渀攀眀 昀椀爀攀 爀攀瀀漀爀琀椀渀最 搀攀瘀椀挀攀 愀 瀀漀琀攀渀琀椀愀氀氀礀 甀猀攀昀甀氀 瀀愀爀琀 漀昀 䬀攀渀礀愀ᤀ猠 攀昀昀漀爀琀 琀漀 欀攀攀瀀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 昀椀爀攀猀 椀渀 挀栀攀挀欀⸀

਀ᰀ吠栀椀猀 椀猀 愀渀 椀渀琀攀爀攀猀琀椀渀最 椀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀 眀栀椀挀栀 琀栀攀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 猀栀漀甀氀搀 猀甀瀀瀀漀爀琀 最椀瘀攀渀 琀栀攀 搀愀洀愀最攀 昀漀爀攀猀琀 昀椀爀攀猀 搀漀 琀漀 漀甀爀 攀挀漀猀礀猀琀攀洀猀Ⰰᴀ†栀攀 猀愀椀搀⸀
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਀ ਀ ਀ ਀ ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀嘀攀爀搀愀渀愀Ⰰ 䄀爀椀愀氀Ⰰ 吀愀栀漀洀愀Ⰰ 一攀眀猀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䴀吀Ⰰ 䰀甀挀椀搀愀 匀愀渀猀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀欀氀椀渀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䈀漀漀欀Ⰰ 䔀爀愀猀 䴀攀搀椀甀洀 䤀吀䌀Ⰰ 猀愀渀猀ⴀ猀攀爀椀昀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀  16 Year Old High School Student Discovers Microbe That Eats Plastic਀㰀䈀刀㸀
਀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀瀀愀挀琀氀愀戀⸀挀漀洀⼀㈀ ㄀ ⼀ 㐀⼀㈀㄀⼀㄀㘀ⴀ礀攀愀爀ⴀ漀氀搀ⴀ栀椀最栀ⴀ猀挀栀漀漀氀ⴀ猀琀甀搀攀渀琀ⴀ搀椀猀挀漀瘀攀爀猀ⴀ洀椀挀爀漀戀攀ⴀ琀栀愀琀ⴀ攀愀琀猀ⴀ瀀氀愀猀琀椀挀⼀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀㈀㄀ 开瀀氀愀猀⸀樀瀀最∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀 㸀㰀⼀愀㸀
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਀ It’s not your average science fair when the 16-year-old winner manages to solve a global waste crisis. But such was the case at last May’s Canadian Science Fair in Waterloo, Ontario, where Daniel Burd, a high school student at Waterloo Collegiate Institute, presented his research on microorganisms that can rapidly biodegrade plastic.਀ 㰀䈀刀㸀㰀䈀刀㸀 NOTE: There are TWO high school students who discovered plastic-consuming microorganisms. The first was Daniel Burd. The second was Tseng I-Ching (last month), a high school student in Taiwan.਀ 㰀䈀刀㸀㰀䈀刀㸀 Daniel had a thought it seems even the most esteemed PhDs hadn’t considered. Plastic, one of the most indestructible of manufactured materials, does in fact eventually decompose. It takes 1,000 years but decompose it does, which means there must be microorganisms out there to do the decomposing.਀ 㰀䈀刀㸀㰀䈀刀㸀 Could those microorganisms be bred to do the job faster?਀吀栀愀琀 眀愀猀 䐀愀渀椀攀氀ᤀ猠 焀甀攀猀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 栀攀 瀀甀琀 琀漀 琀栀攀 琀攀猀琀 眀椀琀栀 愀 瘀攀爀礀 猀椀洀瀀氀攀 愀渀搀 挀氀攀瘀攀爀 瀀爀漀挀攀猀猀 漀昀 椀洀洀攀爀猀椀渀最 最爀漀甀渀搀 瀀氀愀猀琀椀挀 椀渀 愀 礀攀愀猀琀 猀漀氀甀琀椀漀渀 琀栀愀琀 攀渀挀漀甀爀愀最攀猀 洀椀挀爀漀戀椀愀氀 最爀漀眀琀栀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀渀 椀猀漀氀愀琀椀渀最 琀栀攀 洀漀猀琀 瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀椀瘀攀 漀爀最愀渀椀猀洀猀⸀

਀  The preliminary results were encouraging, so he kept at it, selecting out the most effective strains and interbreeding them. After several weeks of tweaking and optimizing temperatures Burd was achieved a 43 percent degradation of plastic in six weeks, an almost inconceivable accomplishment.਀ 㰀䈀刀㸀㰀䈀刀㸀 With 500 billion plastic bags manufactured each year and a Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch that grows more expansive by the day, a low-cost and nontoxic method for degrading plastic is the stuff of environmentalists’ dreams and, I would hazard a guess, a pretty good start-up company as well.਀ 㰀䈀刀㸀㰀䈀刀㸀 NOTE: There are certainly methods for decomposing plastic, but most are chemical in nature not organic, requiring high temperatures and chemical additives to cause the plasticizers to vaporize, for instance this patent on PVC extraction. There have been several successful bacteria-based solutions developed at the Department of Biotechnology in Tottori, Japan as well as the Department of Microbiology at the National University of Ireland, but both apply only to styrene compounds.਀ 㰀䈀刀㸀㰀䈀刀㸀 It goes without saying that these discoveries need to be tested to ensure, for instance, that the byproducts of organic decomposition are not carcinogenic (as in the case with mammalian metabolism of styrene and benzene). The processing of plastics by these methods would also have to be contained in highly controlled environments. So, no, we’re not talking about a magic panacea or a plastic-free paradise, but the innovative application of microorganisms to break down our most troublesome waste products is nevertheless a major scientific breakthrough.਀ 㰀䈀刀㸀㰀䈀刀㸀 NOTE: One of the readers pointed out a very interesting study in 2004 at the University of Wisconsin that isolated a fungus capable of biodegrading phenol-formaldehyde polymers previously thought to be non-biodegradable. Phenol polymers are produced at an annual rate of 2.2 million metric tons per year in the United States for many industrial and commercial applications including durable plastics.਀
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਀㰀琀愀戀氀攀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㄀  ─ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀㄀∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀㔀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀㄀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀昀昀昀昀昀昀∀㸀 ਀㰀䘀伀一吀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀嘀攀爀搀愀渀愀Ⰰ 䄀爀椀愀氀Ⰰ 吀愀栀漀洀愀Ⰰ 一攀眀猀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䴀吀Ⰰ 䰀甀挀椀搀愀 匀愀渀猀Ⰰ 䘀爀愀渀欀氀椀渀 䜀漀琀栀椀挀 䈀漀漀欀Ⰰ 䔀爀愀猀 䴀攀搀椀甀洀 䤀吀䌀Ⰰ 猀愀渀猀ⴀ猀攀爀椀昀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀꤀ ㈀ ㄀  䰀愀爀爀礀 圀椀渀昀椀攀氀搀⸀挀漀洀⸀ 伀渀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀Ⰰ 䄀氀氀 刀椀最栀琀猀 刀攀猀攀爀瘀攀搀⸀㰀戀爀㸀 All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective holders and authors. ਀㰀⼀䘀伀一吀㸀㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀 ਀㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀最漀漀最氀攀ⴀ愀渀愀氀礀琀椀挀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀甀爀挀栀椀渀⸀樀猀∀ 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀 ਀㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀 _uacct = "UA-959208-1";਀甀爀挀栀椀渀吀爀愀挀欀攀爀⠀⤀㬀 ਀㰀⼀戀漀搀礀㸀 ਀ ਀㰀℀ⴀⴀ   

਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀⸀最椀昀⼀樀瀀最 愀氀椀最渀㴀氀攀昀琀㸀 

਀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀⸀樀瀀最∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀
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